Propoxyphene

Drug(s): Propoxyphene & Metabolites

Trade Names: Darvon, Progesic, others

Common Names:

Routes of Ingestion: Oral

Drug Class: Analgesic

Effects: Reduced pain perception, drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, euphoria, excitement, insomnia, itching, skin rashes, CNS and respiratory depression, convulsions

Approximate Clearance Times: 7-14 Days

Phencyclidine (PCP)

Drug(s): PCP & Metabolites & Related Compounds

Trade Names:

Common Names: Angel Dust, Hog, Peace Pill, Horse Tranquilizer, Animal Tranquilizer

Routes of Ingestion: Snorted, IV, Oral, Smoked

Drug Class: Analgesic, Anasthetic

Effects: Very diverse effects depending on doses and individual. Increased heart rate, respiration & blood pressure, shallow respiration, flushing, profuse sweating, numbness, incoordination, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, rolling & watering of eyes, loss of balance, dizziness, convulsions, coma, violent outburts

Approximate Clearance Times: 6-8 Days

Opiates

Drug(s): Morphine, Heroin, Codeine, Hydromorphone, Hydrocodone, Oxymorphone, Oxycodone, Levorphanol & Metabolites, & Related Compounds

Trade Names: Epimorph, Morphotec, others, Diacetylmorphine, Paverol, 292, others, Dilaudid, Hymophan, Hydodan, Robidone, Dicodid, Numorphan, Oxcocet, Oxycodan, others, Levo-Dromoran, Dromoran

Common Names: Smack

Routes of Ingestion: Oral, IV, Smoked, Intramuscular (IM), Sub-cutaneous (SQ), Snorted, Suppositories

Drug Class: Narcotic Analgesic

Effects: Surge of pleasure (rush), reduced pain, restlessness, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness

Approximate Clearance Times: 72-96 Hours (a)

Methaqualone

Drug(s): Methaqualone, Mecloqualone & Metabolites

Trade Names: Hyptor, Optinoxan, Parest, Somnafac, Sopor, Mandrax

Common Names: Qualudes, Ludes

Routes of Ingestion: Oral

Drug Class: Sedative, Hypnotic

Effects: Sedation, fatigue, dizziness, sleep, euphoria, tingling and numbness in extremities, seisures, respiratory depression

Approximate Clearance Times: 7-14 Days

Methadone

Drug(s): Methadone Doxylamine

Trade Names: Amidon, Dolophine

Common Names:

Routes of Ingestion: Oral

Drug Class: Analgesic

Effects: Euphoria, reduction of pain, respiratory depression, cyanosis, coma, circulatory collapse

Approximate Clearance Times: 48-72 Hours

Cocaine

Drug(s): Cocaine and Metabolites

Trade Names:

Common Names: Coke, Crack, Snow, Blow, Flake

Routes of Ingestion: Snorting (sniffing), IV, Topical, Oral, Smoked

Drug Class: CNS Stimulant, Local anaesthetic

Effects: Euphoria, increased energy, mental alertness & sensory awareness, reduced need for food, rest & sleep, bizzare, erratic and violent behaviour, accelerated heartbeat, increased blood pressure, breathing & body temperature, pupil dilation, sweating.

Approximate Clearance Times: 48-72 Hours (a)

Cannabinoids

Drug(s): Tetrahydro-Cannabinol (THC) & Metabolites, Other Cannaiboids

Trade Names: Marijuana, Hashish, Hash Oil

Common Names: Grass, Hash, Pot, Weed

Routes of Ingestion: Smoked, Oral

Drug Class: Mood-altering (Psycho-active)

Effects: Euphoria (high), talk and laugh more than usual, increased pulse, red eyes, perception may be distorted (sound, colour, etc.), impairs attention, short-term momory, logical thinking and ability to drive car or perform other complex tasks.

Approximate Clearance Times: Weeks

Benzodiazepines

Drug(s): Diasepam, Chlordiazepoxide, Clonazepam, Flurazepam, Lorazepam, Oxazepam, Demoxepam, Desalkylflurazepam, N-Desmethyldiazepam, Flunitrazepam, Nitrazepam & Metabolites, & Related Compounds

Trade Names: Valium, Rival, others, Librium, Novopoxide, others, \ Clonopin, Rivotril, others, Dalmane, Novoflupam, others, Ativan, Serax, Hisnosedon, Narcozep, others, Mogadon, Atempol, Mogadan

Common Names:

Routes of Ingestion: Oral

Drug Class: Sedative, Tranquilizer

Effects: Calms hyperactivity, tension & agitation, diminished emotional responses, muscle relaxation, reduced alertness, impairment of muscle coordination, perception & intellectual function, dizziness, low blood pressure, fainting, physical dependence

Approximate Clearance Times: 48-96 Hours (a)

Barbiturates

Drug(s): Amobarbital, Pentobarbital, Phenobarbital, Secobarbital, Butabarbital, Allylbarbital, Talbutal & Metabolites, & Related Compounds

Trade Names: Amytal, Nembutal, Luminal, Seconal, Mebutal, Lotusate

Common Names: Downers, Goof-balls, Barbs, Reds, Red-birds, Red Devils, Blue Heavens, Purple Hearts, Rainbows

Routes of Ingestion: Oral

Drug Class: Sedative/hypnotics (CNS Depressants)

Effects: Calmness, muscle relaxation, induced sleep, "high" feeling, slurred speech, staggering, slowed reactions, relaxation of normal emotional controls, can impair skills & judgement, dangerous to drive or perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination when under influence of barbiturates.

Approximate Clearance Times: 72-96 Hours (a)

Ethyl Alcohol

Drug(s): Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol)

Trade Names: Ethanol

Common Names: Alcohol, Beer, Liquor, Wine, Liqueurs, Etc.

Routes of Ingestion: Oral

Drug Class: Depressant

Effects: Flushed, dizzy, incoordination, slow reflexes, hangover, headache, nausea, shakiness

Approximate Clearance Times: 10-18 Hours

Amphetamines

Drug(s): Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, Phentermine, Isoxsuprine, Mephentermine, Nylidrin, Phenmetrazine, Phenylpropanolamine, Ephedrine, Hydroxy Amphetamines, Methoxy Amphetamines, & Metabolites & Related Compounds

Trade Names: Benzedrine, Dexedrine, Methedrine, Ionamin

Common Names: Bennies, Uppers, Speed, MDA, TMA, PMA, Adam, Eve

Routes of Ingestion: Oral, Intravenous (IV

Drug Class: Central Nervous System (CNS) Stimulant

Effects: Reduced appetite, increased breathing & heart rate & blood pressure, dilated pupils, dry mouth, fever, sweating, headache, blurred vision, dizziness

Approximate Clearance Times: 24-48 Hours (a)